Which of the following was NOT a division of Yoruba government


Q1 .  Which of the following was NOT a division of Yoruba government?

a .  an institutionalized priesthood

b .  an elected governor

c .  a council of state

d .  a king

Q2 .  In the Yoruba myth of creation, Obatala forbids his worshippers to drink

a .  goat’s milk .

b .  Bantu water .

c .  spring water .

d .  palm wine .

Q3 .  __________________ have surviving documents dating back to the fourteenth century, but few other African languages were written before the nineteenth century .

a .  Arabic and Swahili

b .  Arabic and Hausa

c .  Ge’ez and Amharic

d .  Amharic and Hausa

Q4 .  In the epic Sundiata, Sogolon Djata crawls on all fours until at the age of seven he stands for the first time with the help of

a .  baobab leaves .

b .  an iron rod .

c .  a bow .

d .  a bolt of lightning .

Q5 .  Which of the following is NOT an African language family?

a .  Khoisan

b .  Congo-Kordofanian

c .  Afro-Swahili

d .  Nilo-Saharan

Q6 .  In the Darasa myth on the origin of death, humans choose death in exchange for

a .  wealth .

b .  free will .

c .  fire .

d .  reason .

Q7 .  Like other epic heroes, Sundiata

a .  possesses magical powers .

b .  is half man, half god .

c .  is just a common man .

d .  forms and represents his own culture, Mande .

Q8 .  _____________________ brought the word of Islam to the Hausa people .

a .  Long-distance trade with the Mande and others

b .  Muslim missionaries

c .  Exploratory expeditions by the Africans

d .  The spirits of the forests

Q9 .  Like fables, _________________ educate the listener on morals and etiquette, while entertaining an audience with amusing stories .

a .  laburai

b .  riddles

c .  proverbs

d .  tatsuniyoyi

Q10 .  The Fulani Empire encompassed a large area of land in which

a .  every resident was a Muslim .

b .  violent civil wars tore through city-states .

c .  small villages lived in isolation from one another .

d .  trade, communication, and agriculture could develop in peace .

Q11 .  Most Africans who were exported as slaves to the New World were from

a .  the western coastline .

b .  the Niger River basin .

c .  the Congo River basin .

d .  all of the above .

Q12 .  In general, African artists valued

a .  change rather than tradition .

b .  recognition rather than money .

c .  tradition rather than uniqueness .

d .  women, rather than men .

Q13 .  During __________________, African peoples spread out from their homelands and conquered or expelled the hunter-gatherer societies they found in neighboring areas .

a .  the Bantu Expansion

b .  the transatlantic movement

c .  the Neolithic Revolution

d .  the Age of Exploration

Q14 .  In contrast to the patterns of most Western societies, African ______________ dominated agricultural production .

a .  men

b .  women

c .  priests

d .  traders

Q15 .  The importance of the Neolithic Revolution to human history lies in the

a .  creation of stable food supplies, leading to population growth .

b .  development of cities and the specialization of occupations .

c .  flowering of art and literature .

d .  establishment of a standing army, leading to warfare and the building of empires .

Q16 .  The Benin title for King was

a .  Appa .

b .  Oba .

c .  Sheikh .

d .  Ife .

Q17 .  The European Age of Exploration culminated in

a .  the theory that the world is flat .

b .  the refusal of Christian missionaries to return to the “savages” .

c .  Vasco de Gama’s journey from Portugal to India and back .

d .  contact with the Benin .

Q18 .  The ancient empire of Ghana was based on trade in

a .  slaves with Europeans .

b .  slaves with Muslims .

c .  gold with Europeans .

d .  gold with Muslims .

Q19 .  In Willem Bosman’s “New and Accurate Description of the Coast of Guinea,” the rulers of Guinea treated the poor

a .  with a sense of humor .

b .  harshly .

c .  charitably .

d .  with indifference .

Q20 .  Contact with Muslim merchants greatly influenced the ancient empire of Ghana with respect to

a .  clothing styles .

b .  food preparation .

c .  marriage customs .

d .  techniques of trade and administration .

Q21 .  Middle Age political leaders mixed tribal traditions with

a .  Christian doctrine .

b .  Roman law .

c .  Greek philosophy .

d .  Muslim military strategy .

Q22 .  The Play of Daniel is an example of liturgical drama that should be understood as

a .  an isolated artistic creation .

b .  comedy .

c .  both tragedy and comedy .

d .  both music and drama .

Q23 .  The Abbot Suger, who was instrumental in designing the abbey of Saint Denis, believed ______________ to be symbolic of the unity of all creation and of God’s Holy Spirit .

a .  natural light

b .  the dove

c .  baptism

d .  high, vaulted ceilings

Q24 .  The intellectual revival in Europe during the time of the Crusades was likely in direct response to

a .  a growing discontent with Christianity .

b .  fear of mortality .

c .  contact with intellectually superior cultures .

d .  the violence of war .

Q25 .  The years between 1000 and 1250 were characterized by

a .  the final conquest of Islam .

b .  the beginnings of the Renaissance .

c .  increased agricultural productivity .

d .  all of the above .

Q26 .  The term applied to scientific, theological, and philosophical learning taught in medieval universities is

a .  asceticism .

b .  materialism .

c .  mysticism .

d .  scholasticism .

Q27 .  The years between 1000 and 1350 are generally known in European history as the

a .  Age of Exploration .

b .  High Middle Ages .

c .  Renaissance .

d .  Enlightenment .

Q28 .  The medieval political tradition that had the heaviest impact on human history was the concept of

a .  taxation at the consent of the governed .

b .  the divine right to rule .

c .  devout Christianity as a basis for rule .

d .  heavy taxation to fund a strong centralized government .

Q29 .  Like learning, art in the ninth, tenth, and eleventh centuries was centered in the

a .  town and village .

b .  court and monastery .

c .  pilgrimage and Crusades .

d .  home .

Q30 .  The dominant form of entertainment in medieval Europe was

a .  the liturgical drama .

b .  the traveling minstrel show .

c .  theatrical performances .

d .  displays of strength, inspired by the gladiators .

Q31 .  In the late twelfth century, the city of Florence was

a .  a wealthy center of trade and culture .

b .  a part of the Kingdom of Italy .

c .  a part of the Holy Roman Empire .

d .  all of the above .

Q32 .  Andreas Capellanus’s The Art of Courtly Love was

a .  a scandalous book that resulted in his exile from France .

b .  a painting depicting one of Eleanor of Aquitaine’s literary salons .

c .  a semi-autobiographical account of his love for a woman named Beatrice .

d .  a book that attempted to define love and outline the rules of loving .

Q33 .  __________________ music is music sung or played in more than one part .

a .  Diphonic

b .  Monophonic

c .  Mulitphonic

d .  Polyphonic

Q34 .  Courtly literature arose out of what kinds of earlier literature?

a .  classical and medieval epic

b .  classical works on friendship and biblical works of mystical love

c .  classical epic and Muslim religious and secular poetry

d .  medieval vernacular fables, romances, and narrative poems

Q35 .  In comparison to the French poets of courtly love, the Italian poets tended to emphasize the

a .  nobility of the beloved and the psychological effect of love .

b .  beauty and sensuality of love .

c .  forbidden nature of love and the high rank of the beloved .

d .  pain and suffering that resulted from unrequited love .

Q36 .  One of the spiritual leaders most responsible for promoting the cult of the Virgin in theology was

a .  Saint Bernard .

b .  Abbot Suger .

c .  Thomas Aquinas .

d .  Dante Alighieri .

Q37 .  Dante Alighieri composed the Vita Nuova for all of the following reasons EXCEPT

a .  to praise his pure love .

b .  as an explanation for his moral growth .

c .  as an ode to his wife .

d .  to make sense of his troubled thoughts during his depression .

Q38 .  The eleventh and twelfth centuries in Europe were characterized by

a .  a general humanizing trend in religion .

b .  a renewal of a strictly imposed code of religious discipline .

c .  a new secular consciousness .

d .  all of the above .

Q39 .  In Florentine politics, the ___________ were loyal to the pope, and the ___________ were loyal to the emperor .

a .  Ghibellines; Guelfs

b .  Guelfs; Ghibellines

c .  White Guelfs; Black Ghibellines

d .  Black Guelfs; White Ghibellines

Q40 .  Like many Gothic cathedrals, the cathedral of Notre Dame at Chartres paid homage to

a .  Jesus Christ .

b .  the Virgin Mary .

c .  Pierre Chartres .

d .  Saint Denis .




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