Philosophy – Ethics Paper

 **Due Sunday June 3, 2018 8pm Eastern Standard Time**

Assume that you are interviewing for a position as chair of a newly established ethics oversight committee for one of the following:

a. Investment firm that offers advice and products to public retirement funds

b. Hospital

c. Private university

d. State legislative body

Analyze three (3) philosophies addressed in the textbook (Chapters 1-7) (listed below)that you believe should guide decisions. Analyze one (1) philosophy that you believe would be extremely detrimental for the organization to use in making decisions.

Write a four to five (4-5) page paper in which you:

1. Provide a rationale for selecting this organization, explaining at least two (2) reasons the organization needs ethics oversight.

2. Analyze the first philosophy, (Chapters 1-7), discussing its proponents and two (2) major principles of the philosophy and how they apply to decisions that will need to be made. 

3. Analyze the second philosophy, (Chapters 1-7), discussing its proponents and two (2) major principles of the philosophy and how they apply to decisions that will need to be made. 

4. Analyze the third philosophy, (Chapters 1-7), discussing its proponents and two (2) major principles of the philosophy and how they apply to decisions that will need to be made. 

5. Analyze a philosophy that would be detrimental, (Chapters 1-7), discussing its proponents and two (2) major principles of the philosophy and how they would be detrimental to decisions that will need to be made. 

6. Provide at least five (5) credible, external academic references (at least one (1) source for each criterion) to support your view about the need for and use of these philosophies to make ethical decisions for the organization. (Do not use such open sources as Wikipedia, About, Ask.)

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

· Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

· Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

· Explain the views of the main philosophers and the primary ethical concepts associated with each of the major ethical theories presented in the course.

· Recognize basic ethical theories, such as Divine Command Theory, Relativism, Utilitarianism, Kantianism, Social Contract Theory, Egoism, and Virtue Ethics.

· Demonstrate an understanding of how to examine questions and issues from diverse ethical perspectives and how these different ethical perspectives can be applied to evaluate contemporary ethical dilemmas.

· Demonstrate recognition of the role and function of moral arguments addressing traditional and contemporary moral issues.

· Apply ethical reasoning to resolve selected important moral problems in everyday situations.

· Present complex ethical ideas, theories, and perspectives fairly, objectively, and critically.

· Use technology and information resources to research issues in ethics.

· Write clearly and concisely about ethics using proper writing mechanics.


 List of Philosophies covered in Essays that we have read and reviewed, Each divided into main topics 

Philip Hallie: From Cruelty to Goodness. Jonathan Bennett: The Conscience of Huckleberry Finn. Philip Hallie: The Evil That Men Think—And Do. Tzvetan Todorov: Facing the Extreme: The War of All Against All. Anne Applebaum: Strategies for Survival. Stanley Milgram: The Perils of Obedience. Josiah Royce: The Moral Insight. Herman Melville: Billy Budd. Friedrich Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil.
Herodotus: Morality As Custom. Ruth Benedict: A Defense of Moral Relativism.
William Graham Sumner: A Defense of Cultural Relativism. Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban: Cultural Relativism and Universal Rights. Loretta M. Kopelman: Female Circumcision/Genital Mutilation and Ethical Relativism. Lawrence Adam Lengbeyer: An Alternative to Moral Relativism. Louis Pojman: Who”s to Judge? Thomas Nagel: The Objective Basis of Morality.
R. M. MacIver: The Deep Beauty of the Golden Rule. Martin Luther King, Jr.: I Have a Dream. The United Nations Charter: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Plato: The Ring of Gyges. Thomas Hobbes: Of the State of Men without Civil Society.
David Hume: Of Self-Love. Harry Browne: The Unselfishness Trap. James Rachels: Egoism and Moral Skepticism. Ayn Rand: The Virtue of Selfishness. Louis Pojman: Egoism, Self-Interest, and Altruism. Colin McGinn: Why Not Be a Bad Person? Peter Singer: Why Act Morally?
The Judeo-Christian Tradition. Robert C. Mortimer: Morality Is Based on God”s Commands. John Arthur: Why Morality Does Not Depend on Religion. David Hume: Of Benevolence.
John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism. Bernard Williams: A Critique of Utilitarianism.
John Harris: The Survival Lottery. Ursula K. Le Guin: The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas. Immanuel Kant: Good Will, Duty, and the Categorical Imperative.
Fred Sommers: The Holocaust and Moral Philosophy. Richard Taylor: A Critique of Kantianism.
Aristotle: Happiness and the Virtues. Saint Augustine: Virtue and the Human Soul.
Epictetus: The Art of Living. James Stockdale: The World of Epictetus. Bernard Mayo: Virtue or Duty? Alasdair MacIntyre: Tradition and the Virtues.
Philippa Foot: Virtues and Vices. James Rachels: The Ethics of Virtue.
Adam Smith: Of Justice and Beneficence. Charles Darwin: The Origin of the Moral Sense.
6. VICE.
Plutarch: Vice. Saint Augustine: The Depths of Vice. Jonathan Edwards: Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God. Dante Alighieri: The Hypocrites. Samuel Johnson: Self-Deception.
Joseph Butler: Upon Self-Deceit. Immanuel Kant: Jealousy, Envy, and Spite.
Leo Tolstoy: How Much Land Does a Man Need? A Parable on Greed.
Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality. John Arthur: World Hunger and Moral Obligation: The Case against Singer. Bowen McCoy: The Parable of the Sadhu.
James Shikwati: “For Heaven”s Sake, Please Stop the Aid”! John T. Noonan, Jr.: An Almost Absolute Value in History. Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion.
Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion. Don Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral.
Immanuel Kant: On Duties to Animals. Peter Singer: Down on the Factory Farm.
Alastair Norcross: Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases.
Michael Pollan: An Animal”s Place. Roger Scruton: Case Against Animal Rights.
Robert K. Fullinwider: Affirmative Action and Fairness. Shelby Steele: What Is Wrong with Affirmative Action?

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