Discussion 9

Choose one of the causality models in Chapter 9 of Epidemiology for public health practice,textbook and use it to explain the relationships between the risk factors associated with the leading cause of death you selected in Module Fourand the outcome (death from that cause). How do Hill’s criteria for causation apply to these relationships? Remember to cite references where necessary.

Leading cause of death you selected in Module Four and the outcome (death from that cause):

A big population of people in both developed and developing countries are affected by Diabetes. Diabetes refers to a health condition that is related to the amount of sugar in the blood. Glucose is such a crucial element in a human body as it is the body’s main source of energy(Colberg et. al., 2016). Diabetes occurs when a person’s blood sugar is too high. Insulin, a hormone that ensures the body cells get glucose from food is made by the pancreas. Sometimes, the body fails to generate enough insulin for conversion of glucose into absorbable element for energy generation(Basher, 2017). This results into a condition of having too much sugar in the blood. Diabetes has no cure but necessary steps can be taken to manage it and stay healthy.

  There are various types in based on various cause related to insulin. Type 1 diabetes is a condition brought by the inability of the body to make insulin. Type 2 diabetes is as a result of the body not making good use of the available insulin(Farrar et. al., 2016). Gestational diabetes usually affects pregnant women and disappears after the woman has given birth. This might sound less dangerous but it increases chances of developing type 2 diabetes. The other type of diabetes is monogenic, which is an inherited type of diabetes. There are various symptoms of diabetes based on the type. In type 1 and type 2 cases of diabetes, these symptoms are unclear vision, too much hunger, recurrent urination, too much thirst, regular illnesses, dawdling healing sores, fatigue and irritability. People over the age of 40 years are the most vulnerable to diabetes though some types can develop at any age.

 In conclusion, diabetes is such a serious disease that must be managed at all costs. Over some time, high amounts of glucose in the blood can stroke, kidney disease, blindness, dental disease, nerve problem, foot problem, heart diseases or even death. 

Chapter 9 causality models attached.

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